Getting Into Hospitality and Recreation

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alisasophia137

11 Mar, 2019 10:15 AM

Next is exercise. Exercise or exercise training are planned activities carried out with the aim of improving or preserving physical fitness. Exercise may involve both endurance and resistance training. Physical fitness may be described as the condition which enables a person to carry out physical activity. Endurance exercise which includes aerobic, dynamic or isotonic, involves various movements which are repeatedly performed against low resistance. When this type of exercise is performed regularly, over time will result in improved functional capacity. This will allow the individual to exercise for a longer duration and also at a higher work rate. Ultimately it helps to increase stamina and endurance.

On the other hand, resistance exercise involves movements against high resistance carried out in a low repetition manner. This type of exercise if carried out regularly will result in building strength and is often referred to as power or strength training. The size of skeletal muscles would also increase, thus giving the muscular shape to the body. Another benefit is it also increases bone mass.

Now that we've gone over some general considerations for setting up a year round track and field training program, let's get a bit more specific and break the year down into a progression of training cycles. We'll use a 3 phase program for our general purposes, Post Competition Phase, Pre Competition Phase and Competition Phase. These phases could also be broken down into more specific sub phases but for now let's generalize for the sake of simplicity. For High School track and field athletes the outdoor competitive season generally runs from mid March until late May or early June including District, Conference and State Championships. For athletes coming off a winter sports season there may be only a couple weeks to rest before track and field practice begins.

These athletes should be monitored for overuse stress and injuries. Also athletes that have not been working out prior to the season will find themselves with only several short weeks to prepare for the outdoor track and field season's first meets of the year. Once the spring track season ends some athletes may extend their season and make use of better weather (especially in the northern climes) by training for and competing in the summer USATF and AAU meets and Championships. By doing so the track and field season is now into late July or early August. A similar time frame could also be shared by college track and field athletes with Conference; Regional and National meets extending well into the summer months. We have already mentioned that those athletes who participate in other fall and winter sports will have different demands on their time than the singularly focused track and field only athlete. So let's just look at schedules relating to track and field athletes and include their fall counterparts in competitive cross-country.

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